27 ER Verbs In Spanish That Every Beginner Should Learn First

er verbs in spanish listed

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In this post, we will list the 27 most common and important ER verbs in Spanish that every student should learn first.

As a beginner, Spanish grammar can seem overwhelming, especially when you realize that there are thousands of verbs to memorize. A simple but effective strategy is to prioritize learning the most common verbs that us native speakers use on a daily basis, and over time, gradually building up your collection of verbs from there.


(PS, we already covered the 45 most common AR verbs here)

ER Verbs in Spanish: Simple Present Tense

It would be (almost) impossible to explain every conjugation for ER verbs in this post, but if you’re a complete beginner, then you should at least know how to conjugate in the simple present tense.

In the below table, you can see how “comer” (a regular ER verb) is conjugated in the simple present tense.

Ar Endings Personal Pronoun Spanish conjugation English equivalent
-o Yo Como I eat
-es Comes You eat
-e Él Come He eats
-e Ella Come She eats
-e Usted Come You (formal) eat
-emos Nosotros Comemos We eat
-en Ustedes Comen You (plural) eat
-en Ellos Comen They eat

And with that basic explanation out of the way, we can list the 27 most common ER verbs in Spanish.

Regular ER Verbs in Spanish

# English Spanish
1 To eat Comer
2 To drink Beber
3 To run Correr
4 To sell Vender
5 To fear Temer

1. To eat / Comer

  • You eat cereal every morning – Ustedes comen cereal todas las mañanas

2. To drink / Beber

  • They drink orange juice at breakfast – Ellos beben jugo de naranja en el desayuno

3. To run / Correr

  • Carlos runs five kilometers every day – Carlos corre cinco kilómetros todos los días

4. To sell / Vender

  • I sell food in the market – Yo vendo alimentos en el mercado

5. To fear / Temer

  • He fears spiders – Él le teme a las arañas

How To Deal with Irregular ER Verbs in Spanish

There’s no way to avoid using irregular verbs in Spanish.

However, as a beginner, there is a pattern that you can learn which will be helpful when it comes to remembering the conjugation of irregular ER verbs in the nosotros (we) form.

To explain this further, we are going to conjugate the irregular ER verb “Entender” (to understand) in the simple present tense.

Person Simple Present Tense English
Yo Entiendo I understand
Entiendes You understand
Usted Entiende You understand
Él / Ella Entiende He / She understands
Nosotros Entendemos We understand
Ustedes Entienden You understand
Ellos Entienden They understand

You’ll notice that each conjugation, except first person plural (nosotros), keeps the same pattern of change “entiendo”, “entiendes”, “entiende” and “entienden”

However, the conjugation for “nosotros” (we) maintains the core of the infinitive form of the verb, “entendemos”.

Most irregular ER verb will follow this pattern ( “Ser” and “Haber” are exceptions)

Most Common Irregular ER Verbs In Spanish

Now let’s review the most common irregular ER verbs in Spanish that you should know.

# English Spanish
6 To be Ser
7 To have Haber
8 To have Tener
9 To do Hacer
10 To know Conocer
11 To understand Entender
12 To read Leer
13 Want Querer
14 To put Poner
15 To come back Volver
16 To bring Traer
17 To know Saber
18 To see Ver
19 To move Mover
20 To fall Caer
21 To protect Proteger
22 To fit Caber
23 To be born Nacer
24 To seem Parecer
25 To be able to / Can Poder
26 To smell Oler
27 To dawn Amanecer


6. To be / Ser

  • We are friends since we were children – Nosotros somos amigos desde niños

7. To have / Haber

  • There is a lot of food in the fridge – Hay mucha comida en la nevera

8. To have / Tener

  • She has to work tomorrow – Ella tiene que trabajar mañana

9. To do / Hacer

  • They do their work on time – Ellos hacen su trabajo a tiempo

10. To know / Conocer

  • I know that place, it’s very nice – Yo conozco ese lugar, es muy bonito

11. To understand / Entender

  • You understand Spanish very well – Tú entiendes muy bien el español

12. To read / Leer

  • I read the newspaper every morning – Yo leo el periódico todas las mañanas

13. To want / Querer

  • Do you want to go to the pool tomorrow? – Quieres ir a la piscina mañana?

14. To put / Poner

  • You always put that song in the office – Tú siempre pones esa canción en la oficina

15. To come back / Volver

  • When are you coming back to college? – Cuando vuelves a la universidad?

16. To bring / Traer

  • You bring the food to the house – Tú traes la comida a la casa

17. To know / Saber

  • I know how to speak Spanish – Yo se hablar español

18. To see / Ver

  • We do not see any problem – Nosotros no vemos ningún problema

19. To move / Mover

  • She moves her body when listening to music – Ella mueve su cuerpo al escuchar la música

20. To fall / Caer

  • My uncle fell out of the chair, but it’s okay – Mi tío cayó de la silla, pero está bien

21. To protect / Proteger

  • I protect my family – Yo protejo a mi familia

22. To fit / Caber

  • We do not fit in the car, we’ll call a taxi – No cabemos en el carro, llamaremos un taxi

23. To be born / Nacer

  • My son borns next week – Mi hijo nace la próxima semana

24. To seem / Parecer

  • The situation seems normal – La situación parece normal

25. To be able / Poder

  • I Am able to go next week – Yo puedo ir la próxima semana

26. To smell / Oler

  • The wine smells exquisite – El vino huele exquisito

27. To dawn / Amanecer

  • We can go to the pool if the day dawns sunny – Podemos ir a la piscina si el día amanece soleado

Practice: ER Verbs in Spanish

Identify the infinitive form in the following sentences

  1. A José le gusta correr en las mañanas
  2. Mi hermana y yo necesitamos vender el carro
  3. Mis amigos prefieren beber cerveza
  4. Los niños quieren ver la película
  5. Deberías hacer tu tarea
  6. Te recomiendo leer ese libro
  7. Pensamos en traer comida pero no pudimos
  8. Espero conocer esa ciudad pronto
  9. Puedes poner otra canción por favor?
  10. Eso no puede ser, debe haber un error
  11. Me encanta comer ensalada
  12. Podrías mover tu carro al estacionamiento por favor?
  13. A ella le encanta oler las flores
  14. Nuestro bebé va a nacer en septiembre
  15. Cuidado! Te puedes caer


  1. A José le gusta correr en las mañanas
  2. Mi hermana y yo necesitamos vender el carro
  3. Mis amigos prefieren beber cerveza
  4. Los niños quieren ver la película
  5. Deberías hacer tu tarea
  6. Te recomiendo leer ese libro
  7. Pensamos en traer comida pero no pudimos
  8. Espero conocer esa ciudad pronto
  9. Puedes poner otra canción por favor?
  10. Eso no puede ser, debe haber un error
  11. Me encanta comer ensalada
  12. Podrías mover tu carro al estacionamiento por favor?
  13. A ella le encanta oler las flores
  14. Nuestro bebé va a nacer en septiembre
  15. Cuidado! Te puedes caer

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