How to Express Possession in Spanish: A Simple Guide

Possessions

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One of the most fundamental things in language is expressing possession. That’s my dog. It’s her house. Is that your food? And so on.

Luckily, this is almost as easy as in English – all that’s different is there is a plural form as well. In this post we’ll keep it simple and cover these possessive adjectives that compare with “my, your, their”, and so on.

Spanish also has another form of possessive adjective called the long-form, which differs from what you’re used to in English. Although we won’t cover them in this post, we do go into more detail on the two forms in our video:

 

Possession in Spanish Explained

In English, we have “my, their, your, our”, and in Spanish, we have “mi, mis, tu, tus, su, sus, nuestro, nuestros”. The only difference is we have plural forms, and nuestros will change for gender.

Just like in English, these go before a noun. For instance, “my dog”, is “mi perro”. Then, for plural, “my dogs” becomes “mis perros”. That’s it – we just add that “s” at the end of the “mi” if the noun is plural.

Easy, huh?

Let’s see each one.

My in Spanish: Mi, mis

  • Soy profesor, me gusta mi trabajo. (I am a teacher, I like my job)
  • Mi madre es hermosa. (My mother is beautiful.)
  • Mis hermanos son mexicanos. (My brothers are Mexican.)

Your in Spanish: Tu, tus

  • ¿Te gusta tu trabajo? (Do you like your job?)
  • Olvidaste tu maleta. (You forgot your suitcase.)
  • ¿Dónde están tus amigos? (Where are your friends?)

His in Spanish: Su, sus

  • Él está pintando su casa. (He is painting his house.)
  • Leonardo no pudo viajar con sus amigos. (Leonardo couldn’t travel with his friends.)
  • Él contó su vida en un libro. (He told (the story of) his life in a book.)

Her in Spanish: Su, sus

  • Sarah está casada, su esposo trabaja conmigo. (Sarah is married, her husband works with me.)
  • Mariana se arregló para la fiesta, su vestido era hermoso. (Mariana got all done up for the party, her dress was beautiful.)
  • Daniela se comprometió con su novio. (Daniela is engaged to her boyfriend.)

Its in Spanish: Su, sus

  • Estamos estudiando al Japón y su cultura. (We are studying Japan and its culture.)
  • Medellín es hermoso, me encanta su gente. (Medellin is beautiful, I love its people.)
  • Ese restaurante es muy bueno, su comida es deliciosa. (That restaurant is really good, its food is delicious.)

Our in Spanish: Nuestro(a/os/as )

  • No queremos gastar todo nuestro dinero. (We don’t want to spend all our money.)
  • Nuestros amigos son muy chéveres. (Our friends are so cool.)
  • Debemos reservar nuestro vuelo. (We must reserve our flight.)

Your (plural) in Spanish: Su, sus

  • Ustedes tienen que tomar sus propias decisiones. (You all have to make your own decisions.)
  • Deben llevar sus libros a la escuela. (They must take their books to school.)
  • Por favor apaguen sus celulares. (Please turn off your cellphones.)

Their in Spanish: Su, sus

  • Los abuelos generalmente aman a sus nietos. (Grandparents usually love their grandchildren.)
  • Ustedes aman sus padres. (You love your parents.)
  • Sus nombres son muy complicados. (Your names are very complicated.)

 

Possession in Spanish Quiz

Complete each sentence with the correct possessive adjective.

  1. Conocí a _______ (ella) familia. (I met ________ family.)
  2. Visité a ____ (yo) doctor. (I visited ______ doctor.)
  3. Llevé ____ (nosotros) hijos al parque. (I took _______ kids to the park.)
  4. Él contó _____ (el) vida en el libro. (He told ______ life in the book.)
  5. Ella perdió ______ cartera. (She lost _____ purse.)
  6. Ellas admiraron _______ (el) cuerpo. (They admired ______ body.)
  7. Luis no pudo viajar con ______ (el) amigos. (Louis coudn’t travel with _____ friends.)
  8. Fue un placer conocer a ______ (tu) padres. (It was a pleasure to meet ______ parents.)
  9. Vamos a cumplir ______ (nosotros) meta. (We’ll achieve _______ goal.)
  10. Él es _____ (yo) mejor amigo. (He is _______ best friend.)

    Key:

  1. su.
  2. mi.
  3. nuestros.
  4. su.
  5. su.
  6. su.
  7. sus.
  8. tus.
  9. nuestra.
  10. mi.

TIP: Click here for free access to our Private Memrise flashcards, where you can train every lesson, including this one. They’re the same flashcards our students use! Click here for that.

 

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