Ultimate List: The 45 Most Common Spanish Verbs You Need To Know


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In a separate post about the 10 key principles for learning Spanish, we mentioned the 80/20 rule (or Pareto’s Principle, as it’s known) and how you can apply it to learning Spanish.

In you never heard of the 80/20 rule, the idea is that 80% of the results come from 20% of the inputs.

In the context of learning Spanish, you could say that 20% of Spanish verbs are used 80% of the time.

In this post, we will outline the 45 most common and important Spanish verbs that you need to know. For simplicity sake, we are going to list each verb in the simple present tense, but keep in mind that these verbs are as important across all Spanish tenses.

Spanish verb English verb
1. Estar To be
2. Comprar To buy
3. Pagar To pay
4. Intentar To try
5. Cerrar To close
6. Hablar To talk
7. Caminar To walk
8. Necesitar To need
9. Buscar To search
10. Quedarse To stay
11. Jugar To play
12. Tocar To play an instrument or to touch
13. Viajar To travel
14. Trabajar To work
15. Amar To love
16. Estudiar To study
17. Cocinar To cook
18. Limpiar To clean
19. Guardar To save
20. Ahorrar To save (money)
21. Perdonar To forgive
22. Tomar To take
23. Poder To be able to
24. Tener To have
25. Hacer To do
26. Querer To want
27. Saber To know
28. Poner To put
29. Ser To be
30. Comer To eat
31. Beber To drink
32. Ver To see
33. Oler To smell
34. Leer To read
35. Aprender To learn
36. Entender To understand
37. Ir To go
38. Venir To come
39. Abrir To open
40. Dormir To sleep
41. Oír To hear
42. Sentir To feel
43. Escribir To write
44. Vivir To live
45. Morir To die

As mentioned before, all of these verbs are conjugated in the simple present tense.

Spanish Verbs Ending In AR

1.  Estar (to be)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Estoy I am
Estás You are
Él Está He is
Ella Está She is
Nosotros Estamos We are
Ustedes Están You (plural) are
Ellos Están They are


  • Estamos felices por ti – We are happy for you
  • Estoy contigo pase lo que pase – I’m with you no matter what happens

2. Comprar (to buy)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Compro I buy
Compras You buy
Él Compra He buys
Ella Compra She buys
Nosotros Compramos We buy
Ustedes Compran You (plural) buy
Ellos Compran They buy


  • Ellos compran comida en el supermercado – They buy food in the supermarket
  • El mes que viene compramos el carro – Next month we buy the car

3. Pagar (to pay)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Pago I pay
Pagas You pay
Él Paga He pays
Ella Paga She pays
Nosotros Pagamos We pay
Ustedes Pagan You (plural) pay
Ellos Pagan They pay


  • Yo pago el desayuno – I pay for breakfast
  • Carlos paga la renta puntualmente – Carlos pays the rent on time

paying card

4. Intentar (to try)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Intento I try
Intentas You try
Él Intenta He tries
Ella Intenta She tries
Nosotros Intentamos We try
Ustedes Intentan You (plural) try
Ellos Intentan They try


  • Jesús y diego tratan de resolver el problema – Jesus and Diego try to solve the problem
  • Él trata de obtener el empleo – He tries to get the job

5. Cerrar (to close)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Cierro I close
Cierras You close
Él Cierra He closes
Ella Cierra She closes
Nosotros Cerramos We close
Ustedes Cierran You (plural) close
Ellos Cierran They close


  • Ellos cierran la puerta al salir – They close the door when they leave
  • Nosotros cerramos el libro al terminar – We close the book when finished

6. Hablar (to talk)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Hablo I talk
Hablas You talk
Él Habla He talks
Ella Habla She talks
Nosotros Hablamos We talk
Ustedes Hablan You (plural) talk
Ellos Hablan They talk


  • Nosotros hablamos por Internet todos los fines de semana – We talk on the Internet every weekend
  • Ellos siempre hablan conmigo – They always talk to me

7. Caminar (to walk)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Camino I walk
Caminas You walk
Él Camina He walks
Ella Camina She walks
Nosotros Caminamos We walk
Ustedes Caminan You (plural) walk
Ellos Caminan They walk


  • Juan camina al trabajo todos los días – Juan walks to work every day
  • Ellos caminan en el parque – They walk in the park

8. Necesitar (to need)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Necesito I need
Necesitas You need
Él Necesita He needs
Ella Necesita She needs
Nosotros Necesitamos We need
Ustedes Necesitan You (plural) need
Ellos Necesitan They need


  • Ella necesita ayuda – She needs help
  • Ustedes no necesitan ir – You do not need to go

9. Buscar (to search)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Busco I search
Buscas You search
Él Busca He searches
Ella Busca She searches
Nosotros Buscamos We search
Ustedes Buscan You (plural) search
Ellos Buscan They search


  • María busca la dirección en internet – María searches for the address on the internet
  • Nosotros buscamos en el diccionario – We search in the dictionary

10. Quedar (to stay)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Me quedo I stay
Te quedas You stay
Él Se queda He stays
Ella Se queda She stays
Nosotros Nos quedamos We stay
Ustedes Se quedan You (plural) stay
Ellos Se quedan They stay

Sidenote: As you can see, this verb looks a bit different, since it may or may not be used as a reflexive verb and each form can change its meaning . In this post, we will use one of its most common meanings, but it can also be used to say something like: “Hoy quedo con Sofia para charlar un poco” – “Today I meet Sofia to chat a little bit”. This use of quedar is more commonly found in Spain, than Latin America.


  • Nos quedamos aquí hasta mañana – We stay here until tomorrow
  • Laura y yo nos quedamos despiertos – Laura and I stay awake

11.        Jugar (to play)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Juego I play
Juegas You play
Él Juega He plays
Ella Juega She plays
Nosotros Jugamos We play
Ustedes Juegan You play
Ellos Juegan They play


  • Tu juegas basquetbol muy bien – You play basketball very well
  • Mi familia y yo jugamos cartas los fines de semana – My family and I play cards on weekends

12.  Tocar (To play an instrument, or to touch)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Toco I play/touch
Tocas You play/touch
Él Toca He plays/touches
Ella Toca She plays/touches
Nosotros Tocamos We play/touch
Ustedes Tocan You play/ touch
Ellos Tocan They play/touch


  • Mario y Diana tocan en la orquesta nacional – Mario and Diana play in the national orchestra
  • Yo toco guitarra, es mi pasatiempos favorito – I play guitar, is my favorite hobby

play guitar

13. Viajar (to travel)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Viajo I travel
Viajas You travel
Él Viaja He travels
Ella Viaja She travels
Nosotros Viajamos We travel
Ustedes Viajan You (plural) travel
Ellos Viajan They travel


  • Ellos no viajan en avión – They do not travel by plane
  • Nosotros viajamos en tren, es muy divertido – We travel by train, it’s very fun

14. Trabajar (to work)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Trabajo I work
Trabajas You work
Él Trabaja He works
Ella Trabaja She works
Nosotros Trabajamos We work
Ustedes Trabajan You work
Ellos Trabajan They work


  • No trabajo los fines de semana – I do not work on weekends
  • Tú trabajas en una oficina muy interesante – You work in a very interesting office

15. Amar (to love)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Amo I love
Amas You love
Él Ama He loves
Ella Ama She loves
Nosotros Amamos We love
Ustedes Aman You (plural) love
Ellos Aman They love


  • Nosotros amamos esa banda – We love that band
  • Yo amo ese lugar – I love that place

16. Estudiar (to study)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Estudio I study
Estudias You study
Él Estudia He studies
Ella Estudia She studies
Nosotros Estudiamos We study
Ustedes Estudian You (plural) study
Ellos Estudian They study


  • Yo estudio español todas las semanas – I study Spanish every week
  • Pedro y Ana estudian en la universidad – Pedro and Ana study at the university

17. Cocinar (to cook)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Cocino I cook
Cocinas You cook
Él Cocina He cooks
Ella Cocina She cooks
Nosotros Cocinamos We cook
Ustedes Cocinan You (plural) cook
Ellos Cocinan They cook


  • Ellos cocinan en el restaurante – They cook in the restaurant
  • Ella no cocina muy bien – She doesn’t cook very well

18. Limpiar (to clean)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Limpio I clean
Limpias You clean
Él Limpia He cleans
Ella Limpia She cleans
Nosotros Limpiamos We clean
Ustedes Limpian You (plural) clean
Ellos Limpian They clean


  • Él limpia su habitación todas las mañanas – He cleans his room every morning
  • Si ustedes limpian su habitación pueden salir a jugar – If you clean your room you can go out and play

19. Guardar (to save)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Guardo I save
Guardas You save
Él Guarda He saves
Ella Guarda She saves
Nosotros Guardamos We save
Ustedes Guardan You (plural) save
Ellos Guardan They save


  • Carlos guarda la comida para mañana – Carlos saves the food for tomorrow
  • Ellos guardan el archivo al terminar – They save the file when finished

20. Ahorrar (to save money)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Ahorro I save
Ahorras You save
Él Ahorra He saves
Ella Ahorra She saves
Nosotros Ahorramos We save
Ustedes Ahorran You (plural) save
Ellos Ahorran They save


  • Yo guardo dinero para mi graduación – I save money for my graduation
  • Nosotros guardamos dinero para las vacaciones – We save money for the holidays

21. Perdonar (To forgive)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Perdono I forgive
Perdonas You forgive
Él Perdona He forgives
Ella Perdona She forgives
Nosotros Perdonamos We forgive
Ustedes Perdonan You (plural) forgive
Ellos Perdonan They forgive


  • Perdonamos todo menos eso – We forgive everything but that
  • No te preocupes, te perdono – Do not worry, I forgive you

22. Tomar (to take)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Tomo I take
Tomas You take
Él Toma He takes
Ella Toma She takes
Nosotros Tomamos We take
Ustedes Toman You (plural) take
Ellos Toman They take


  • Juan toma un taxi al aeropuerto – Juan takes a taxi to the airport
  • Nosotros tomamos el examen ahora – We take the exam now

Spanish Verbs Ending In ER

23. Poder (to be able to)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Puedo I can
Puedes You can
Él Puede He can
Ella Puede She can
Nosotros Podemos We can
Ustedes Pueden You (plural) can
Ellos Pueden They can


  • Daniela y yo podemos venir mañana – Daniela and I can come tomorrow
  • No puedes hacer eso – You can not do that

24. Tener (to have)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Tengo I have
Tienes You have
Él Tiene He has
Ella Tiene She has
Nosotros Tenemos We have
Ustedes Tienen You (plural) have
Ellos Tienen They have


  • No tenemos dinero en casa – We do not have money at home
  • Tengo el dinero en el banco, es una precaución – I have the money in the bank, it is a precaution

(related: read our ultimate guide to the Spanish verb Tener)

25. Hacer (To do/make)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Hago I do/make
Haces You do/make
Él Hace He does/makes
Ella Hace She does/makes
Nosotros Hacemos We do/make
Ustedes Hacen You (plural) do/make
Ellos Hacen They do/make


  • Ustedes hacen ejercicio los domingos – You (plural) exercise on Sundays
  • Hacemos más ejercicios? – Do we do more exercises?

26. Querer (to want)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Quiero I want
Quieres You want
Él Quiere He wants
Ella Quiere She wants
Nosotros Queremos We want
Ustedes Quieren You (plural) want
Ellos Quieren They want


  • No queremos trabajar hoy – We do not want to work today
  • Quiero esa comida para mi cumpleaños – I want that food for my birthday

27. Saber (to know)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo I know
Sabes You know
Él Sabe He knows
Ella Sabe She knows
Nosotros Sabemos We know
Ustedes Saben You (plural) know
Ellos Saben They know


  • No sabemos qué hacer – We do not know what to do
  • Tu sabes la contraseña de la computadora? – Do you know the password of the computer?

28. Poner (to put)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Pongo I put
Pones You put
Él Pone He puts
Ella Pone She puts
Nosotros Ponemos We put
Ustedes Ponen You (plural) put
Ellos Ponen They put


  • Yo pongo la música en la reunión – I put the music in the meeting
  • Ellos ponen el dinero para los materiales – They put the money for the materials

29. Ser (to be)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Soy I am
Eres You are
Él Es He is
Ella Es She is
Nosotros Somos We are
Ustedes Son You (plural) are
Ellos Son They are


  • Nosotros somos buenos amigos – We are good friends
  • Él es un chico muy inteligente – He is a very smart boy

(related: read our ultimate guide to Ser v Estar here)

30. Comer (to eat)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Como I eat
Comes You eat
Él Come He eats
Ella Come She eats
Nosotros Comemos We eat
Ustedes Comen You (plural) eat
Ellos Comen They eat


  • Yo como ensalada todos los días – I eat salad every day
  • Nosotros comemos de manera saludable – We eat healthily

31. Beber (to drink)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Bebo I drink
Bebes You drink
Él Bebe He drinks
Ella Bebe She drinks
Nosotros Bebemos We drink
Ustedes Beben You (plural) drink
Ellos Beben They drink


  • Yo bebo vino luego de almorzar – I drink wine after lunch
  • Noris y yo bebemos agua en el gimnasio – Noris and I drink water in the gym

32. Ver (to see)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Veo I see
Ves You see
Él Ve He sees
Ella Ve She sees
Nosotros Vemos We see
Ustedes Ven You (plural) see
Ellos Ven They see


  • Nosotros vemos que podemos hacer – We see what we can do
  • Si no lo veo, no lo creo – If I do not see it, I do not believe it

33. Oler (to smell)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Huelo I smell
Hueles You smell
Él Huele He smells
Ella Huele She smells
Nosotros Olemos We smell
Ustedes Huelen You (plural) smell
Ellos Huelen They smell


  • Tú hueles muy bien – You smell very good
  • Nosotros olemos las flores en el jardín – We smell the flowers in the garden

34. Leer (to read)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Leo I read
Lees You read
Él Lee He reads
Ella Lee She reads
Nosotros Leemos We read
Ustedes Leen You (plural) read
Ellos Leen They read


  • Usted lee muy bien – You read very well
  • Ustedes leen el libro para aprender el idioma – You read the book to learn the language

35. Aprender (to learn)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Aprendo I learn
Aprendes You learn
Él Aprende He learns
Ella Aprende She learns
Nosotros Aprendemos We learn
Ustedes Aprenden You (plural) learn
Ellos Aprenden They learn


  • Ustedes aprenden muy rápido – You learn very fast
  • Ella aprende a controlar sus emociones – She learns to control her emotions

36. Entender (to understand)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Entiendo I understand
Entiendes You understand
Él Entiende He understands
Ella Entiende She understands
Nosotros Entendemos We understand
Ustedes Entienden You (plural) understand
Ellos Entienden They understand


  • Entiendes la lección? – You understand the lesson?
  • No entiendo nada, lo siento – I do not understand anything, I’m sorry

Spanish Verbs Ending In IR

37. Ir (to go)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Voy I go
Vas You go
Él Va He goes
Ella Va She goes
Nosotros Vamos We go
Ustedes Van You (plural) go
Ellos Van They go


  • Ellos van a tu casa en la tarde – They go to your house in the afternoon
  • Nosotros vamos a la playa el fin de semana que viene – We go to the beach next weekend

(related: learn our “voy a hack” for speaking in the future using the verb ir)

38. Venir (to come)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Vengo I come
Vienes You come
Él Viene He comes
Ella Viene She comes
Nosotros Venimos We come
Ustedes Vienen You (plural) come
Ellos Vienen They come


  • José y yo venimos mañana temprano – José and I come early tomorrow
  • Ella viene a presentar el examen – She comes to present the exam

39. Abrir (to open)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Abro I open
Abres You open
Él Abre He opens
Ella Abre She opens
Nosotros Abrimos We open
Ustedes Abren You (plural) open
Ellos Abren They open


  • La tienda no abre los domingos – The store does not open on Sundays
  • Ellos abren su negocio – They open their business

40. Dormir (to sleep)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Duermo I sleep
Duermes You sleep
Él Duerme He sleeps
Ella Duerme She sleeps
Nosotros Dormimos We sleep
Ustedes Duermen You (plural) sleep
Ellos Duermen They sleep


  • Ella duerme ocho horas al día – She sleeps eight hours a day
  • Hoy duermo toda la noche, trabajé muy duro – Today i sleep all night, I worked really hard

41. Oír (to hear)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Oigo I hear
Oyes You hear
Él Oye He hears
Ella Oye She hears
Nosotros Oímos We hear
Ustedes Oyen You (plural) hear
Ellos Oyen They hear


  • Ustedes oyen ese ruido? – Do you hear that noise?
  • No oigo muy bien, habla más fuerte por favor – I do not hear very well, speak louder please


42. Sentir (to feel)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Siento I feel
Sientes You feel
Él Siente He feels
Ella Siente She feels
Nosotros Sentimos We feel
Ustedes Sienten You (plural) feel
Ellos Sienten They feel


  • Yo siento que puedo hacerlo – I feel I can do it
  • Sientes dolor al caminar? – Do you feel pain when walking?

43. Escribir (to write)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Escribo I write
Escribes You write
Él Escribe He writes
Ella Escribe She writes
Nosotros Escribimos We write
Ustedes Escriben You write
Ellos Escriben They write


  • Quiero escribir un libro – I want to write a book
  • Él escribe un libro – He writes a book

44. Vivir (to live)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Vivo I live
Vives You live
Él Vive He lives
Ella Vive She lives
Nosotros Vivimos We live
Ustedes viven You (plural) live
Ellos Viven They live


  • Yo no vivo en esa ciudad – I do not live in that city
  • Nosotros vivimos en esa ciudad – We live in that city

45. Morir (to die)

Personal pronoun Spanish English
Yo Muero I die
Mueres You die
Él Muere He dies
Ella Muere She dies
Nosotros Morimos We die
Ustedes Mueren You (plural) die
Ellos Mueren They die


  • La planta muere cuando no la riegas – The plant dies when you do not water it
  • Muero de ganas de verte – I’m dying to see you

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