Going to the gym in Spanish: All the Spanish fitness vocab

Let's learn all the Spanish fitness vocab for working out at the gym!

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Exercise and physical activity are super important for staying healthy, and it’s really helpful to know the right words when you’re working out. So, whether you are planning to visit Spain or Latin America and wish to keep up with your fitness regimen, or you just seek to expand your Spanish vocabulary, having a grasp of the correct Spanish gym vocabulary will make your experience a lot smoother.

In this post we’ll delve into the essential terms for going to the gym in Spanish, including exercises, facilities, appropriate clothing, and gym equipment in Spanish. As a bonus, we’ll throw in some verbs and phrases to make sure everything is covered.

So, without further ado, let’s begin our Spanish fitness journey!

Gym facilities in Spanish

One of the most important steps in learning gym vocabulary in Spanish is familiarizing yourself with the different gym facilities. By understanding the terms used to describe various areas and amenities, you’ll feel more comfortable and confident navigating the gym environment.

English Spanish
Gym El gimnasio
Front desk La recepción
Locker El casillero, La taquilla
Locker room El vestuario, El cambiador
Shower La ducha
Free weights area El área de pesas
Cardio area El área de cardio
Spinning studio El salón de spinning, El estudio de de spinning
Yoga studio El estudio de yoga
Stretching area El área de estiramiento
Multi-purpose room El salón de usos múltiples
Dance studio El salón de baile, El estudio de baile
Boxing ring El cuadrilátero, El ring de boxeo
Swimming pool La piscina
Sauna El sauna

Gym equipment in Spanish

Now that we know our way around the gym, let’s focus on the vocabulary related to exercise equipment. We will explore words and phrases for commonly used equipment like treadmills, exercise bikes, dumbbells in Spanish, etc. Being familiar with these terms will make it easier to communicate and utilize the equipment effectively.

English Spanish
Weight rack El estante de pesas, El rack de pesas
Weights Las pesas
Dumbbells Las mancuernas
Kettlebells Las pesas rusas, Las kettlebells
Barbell La barra olímpica
Tricep bar La barra romana
Curl bar, EZ bar La barra zeta, La barra Z
Trap bar La barra hexagonal
Bench La banca
Treadmill La caminadora, La cinta de correr
Stepmill, Stair machine La escaladora
Stationary bike La bicicleta estacionaria
Elliptical bike, Elliptical machine La elíptica, La bicicleta elíptica
Leg press La prensa, La prensa de piernas
Leg extension machine La máquina de extensión de piernas, La máquina de extensión de rodillas
Leg curl machine La máquina de flexión de piernas, La máquina de flexión de rodillas
Adductor machine La máquina de aductores
Abduction machine La máquina de abducción
Pulley machine, Cable crossover machine La máquina de poleas
PecDeck La máquina de apertura de pecho, La máquina de apertura, El contractor
Rowing machine La máquina de remo
Power rack El power rack
Plyo box El cajón
Pull-up bar La barra, La barra de levantamiento
Ab wheel La rueda abdominal
Medicine ball El balón medicinal
Suspension trainers (TRX) Las correas de suspensión
Rings Las anillas
Punching bag El saco de boxeo
Power bands Las bandas de resistencia
Yoga mat La colchoneta de yoga, El mat de yoga
Jumping rope La cuerda de saltar
Scale La báscula

Exercises in Spanish

No gym visit is complete without understanding the vocabulary related to workouts. In this section, we will cover essential Spanish workout words as well as some other exercise vocabulary in Spanish for you to hit the gym confidently.

English Spanish
Workout El ejercicio, El entrenamiento
Exercise El ejercicio
Routine La rutina
Reps Las repeticiones
Intervals Los intervalos
Set La serie, El set
Circuit training El entrenamiento de circuito
Warm-up El calentamiento
Squat La sentadilla
Deep squat La sentadilla profunda
Bulgarian split squat La sentadilla búlgara
Jumping squat La sentadilla con salto
Barbell Back Squat La sentadilla con barra
Lunges Las zancadas
Calf raise La elevación de talones
Crunches, Sit-ups Los abdominales
Hip-thrusts La elevación pélvica, El hip-thrust
Russian twist El giro ruso, La rotación de torso
Push-ups Las flexiones, Las lagartija
Plank La plancha
Deadlift El peso muerto
Bicep curl La flexión de bícep
Overhead press El press de hombros
Bench press El press de banca
Lateral shoulder raises Las elevaciones laterales con mancuernas
Dumbbell shrugs Los encogimientos de hombros con mancuernas
Pull-ups Las dominadas
Dips Los fondos
Burpees Los burpees
Mountain climbers Los escaladores
Jumping jacks Los saltos de tijera, Los jumping jacks
Stationary jogging El trote estacionario

Training regimes in Spanish

Nowadays, there’s a wide variety of training options available, and luckily, many gyms offer diverse classes to cater to your preferred style of exercise. Whether you enjoy dancing in a zumba class or pushing yourself to the limit in a crossfit session, there are plenty of choices. The best part is that many of these workouts have essentially the same names in both languages, making it easier to learn training vocabulary in Spanish.

English Spanish
Swimming La natación
Crossfit El crossfit
Functional training El entrenamiento funcional, El funcional
HIIT El HIIT, El entrenamiento de alta intensidad
Cross-training El entrenamiento cruzado, El cross-training
Calisthenics La calistenia
Yoga El yoga
Pilates El pilates
Spinning El spinning
Boxing El boxeo
Kickboxing El kickboxing
Muay thai El muay thai, El boxeo tailandés
Zumba La zumba
Salsa La salsa
Aerobics Los aeróbicos

Note that you could just talk about the training, or perhaps you’re referring to a fitness class. To do this, just add la clase de… before the nouns, without including the article. For example:

  • Zumba class is the best. I love to dance! – La clase de zumba es la mejor. ¡Me encanta bailar!
  • Yoga class starts at 7am. – La clase de yoga empieza a las 7 a.m.

Gym clothing and gear in Spanish

Wearing suitable workout clothes is essential for both comfort and performance. In this section, we will explore gym vocabulary in Spanish related to workout clothing, covering everything from sport shoes and leggings to boxing gloves and goggles. For a broader selection of clothing types, we recommend you check our post on clothes in Spanish.

Now, let’s dive into the world of gym fashion and equipment in Spanish to ensure you’re dressed for success in your workouts.

English Spanish
T-shirt La camiseta
Tank top La franelilla, La musculosa, La camiseta sin mangas
Sports bra El sujetador deportivo, El sostén deportivo
Sweatshirt La sudadera
Compresion shirt La camisa de compresión
Hoodie La sudadera con capucha
Tracksuit El chándal
Joggers, Sweat pants El calentador, El pantalón de chándal, El pantalón deportivo, El mono
Leggings La licra, El leggin, Las mallas
Shorts El short, Los pantalones cortos
Bathing suit, Swimsuit El traje de baño
Socks Los calcetines, Las medias
Tennis shoes Los zapatos deportivos, Los tennis
Hat, Cap La gorra
Headband La cinta para el pelo, La vincha, La huincha
Wristband La muñequera
Kneepad La rodillera
Shin protectors Las espinilleras
Mouthpiece El protector bucal
Boxing gloves Los guantes de boxeo
Swim cap El gorro de natación
Goggles Los anteojos de natación, Los anteojos protectores
Gloves Los guantes
Weightlifting belt El cinturón de levantamiento de pesas
Backpack La mochila, El morral, El bolso
Towel La toalla

Muscles groups in Spanish

Understanding the different muscle groups is crucial for designing effective workouts and targeting specific areas of the body. Knowing the names of these muscle groups will significantly enhance your gym vocabulary in Spanish, as well as allow you to communicate your workout goals, discuss specific exercises, and understand the importance of targeting different areas during your workouts.

We only cover nouns related to muscles here, but don’t forget to check our post on body parts in Spanish for a fun and complete anatomy lesson.

English Spanish
Pectorals Pectorales
Dorsals Dorsales
Deltoids Deltoides
Biceps Bíceps
Triceps Tríceps
Quadriceps, Quads Cuádriceps
Hamstrings Isquiotibiales
Glutes Glúteos
Abdominals, Abs Abdominales
Trapezius Trapecios

Miscellaneous gym vocab in Spanish

In this section, we will explore some extra Spanish gym vocabulary that doesn’t fit into a specific category but is still useful to know.

English Spanish
Membership pass La membresía
Membership card El carnet de socio, La tarjeta de membresía
Day pass El pase para un día
Lock El candado
Instructor El instructor, La instructora
Personal trainer El entrenador personal, La entrenadora personal
Water bottle La botella de agua
Energy drink La bebida energizante, La bebida energética
Pre-workout El pre entreno, El pre-workout
Protein La proteína
Protein shake El batido de proteína

Spanish workout verbs

Finally, let’s focus on essential verbs related to exercise and workouts in Spanish. We’ll divide them in two categories: verbs to describe your fitness goals and verbs used to talk about workouts.

We’ll also include two particular verbs: hacer and tocar, which are used a bit differently in the fitness context.

After each list, we’ll provide you with some examples so you can see them in context.

Verbs to talk about fitness goals

There are two main ways to talk about your fitness goals. The first one is to conjugate the verb querer and then add the goal you want to achieve. The other one is to use the phrase mi meta es… and then add the goal. These goals are usually framed in the future, so it is a good idea to learn more about how to form the future in Spanish.

English Spanish
Gain muscle Ganar músculo
Gain weight Ganar peso
Lose weight Perder peso, Bajar de peso
Burn fat Quemar grasa
Burn calories Quemar calorías
Get in shape, Get fit Ponerme en forma
Stay in shape, Stay fit Mantenerme en forma
Feel better Sentirme mejor
Become stronger Volverme más fuerte, Ser más fuerte
Become faster Volverme más rápido, Ser más rápido
Become more agile Volverme más ágil, Ser más ágil
Become more flexible Volverme más flexible, Ser más flexible
Tone up Tonificar
Strengthen Fortalecer
Relax Relajarme
  • I want to lose weight. – Quiero bajar de peso.
  • My goal is to tone my abdomen. – Mi meta es tonificar el abdomen.

Verbs to describe workouts

Now it’s time for some of the most commonly used verbs in the gym. Mastering these verbs and the movements they describe is essential for mastering gym vocabulary in Spanish.

English Spanish
To train Entrenar
To exercise, To work out Hacer ejercicio, Ejercitarse
To warm up Calentar
To cool down Enfriar
To stretch Estirar
To breathe Respirar
To walk Caminar
To jog Trotar
To jump, To skip Saltar
To lift Levantar
To raise Elevar, Levantar
To put down Bajar
To flex, To bend Flexionar
To stretch out, To extend Extender
To contract Contraer
To relax Relajar
To get up Levantarse
To crouch Agacharse
To lie down Acostarse
To increase Aumentar
To lower, To reduce Bajar, Reducir
To rest Descansar
  • At 3pm I’m at the gym working out. – A las 3 p.m. estoy en el gimnasio haciendo ejercicio.
  • Bend your legs carefully when you do that exercise. – Flexiona las piernas con cuidado cuando hagas ese ejercicio.
  • Are we going to work out later? – ¿Vamos a entrenar más tarde?
  • Don’t raise your arms when jumping. – No levantes los brazos al saltar.


Spanish speakers use hacer in many ways when talking about exercise. When used to talk about training a specific body part or muscle group, hacer is used as an equivalent to the English to work on or to train.

  • Today I’m going to work on my glutes. – Hoy voy a hacer glúteos en el gimnasio.
  • Yesterday I worked on my chest. – Ayer hice pecho.

You can also use hacer, meaning to do, to talk about specific exercises, or to talk about the number of repetitions or sets your workout is going to have.

  • Today I’ll do deadlifts and squats. – Hoy haré peso muerto y sentadillas.
  • I’m going to do twenty lunges. – Voy a hacer veinte zancadas.
  • I’m going to do three sets of twenty repetitions. – Voy a hacer tres sets de veinte repeticiones.

Finally, hacer is also used to talk about the duration of a workout.

  • I do five minutes of stretching after I finish my weight routine. – Hago cinco minutos de estiramientos después de terminar mi rutina de pesas.
  • You can do an hour of cardio at the end of class. – Puedes hacer una hora de cardio al final de la clase.

To talk about your sets and reps accurately and confidently, of course it’s also helpful to know the numbers in Spanish.


Tocar usually means to touch in Spanish. When used to talk about workouts, tocar is used to refer to specific body parts, muscle groups, or exercises that we plan to work on during a particular day. Sometimes, we can also combine it with the verb hacer.

  • Today is biceps and back day. – Hoy toca bíceps y espalda.
  • On Mondays I work on legs and glutes. – Los lunes me toca hacer piernas y glúteos.
  • Yesterday I focused on chest and triceps. – Ayer me tocó entrenar pecho y tríceps.
  • On Tuesdays I have to jump rope after finishing the circuit. – Los martes me toca saltar la cuerda después de terminar el circuito.

Useful gym phrases in Spanish

  • Are you using this machine? – ¿Estás usando esta máquina?
  • The machine is free to use. – La máquina está libre.
  • How many sets do you have left? – ¿Cuántas series te faltan?
  • How many reps should I do? – ¿Cuántas repeticiones debo hacer?
  • What can I do to…[fitness goal]? – ¿Qué puedo hacer para…?
  • Can we share this machine? – ¿Podemos compartir esta máquina?
  • Can you recommend a workout routine for…[part of the body]? – ¿Me puedes recomendar una rutina para…?
  • Have you considered doing the [type of workout] class? – ¿Has pensado en hacer la clase de…?
  • Can you teach me how to do that exercise? – ¿Me puedes enseñar a hacer ese ejercicio?
  • Can you spot me? I’m lifting more weight today. – ¿Puedes ayudarme? Hoy estoy levantando más peso.


Good job! We covered a lot today, like a good workout routine. Now, let’s do a quick recap before leaving.

Today we focused entirely on Spanish gym vocabulary. We provided some nice comprehensive vocab lists covering gym facilities, equipment, exercises, clothing, muscle groups, and even some miscellaneous vocab.

Once we were done with nouns, we moved on to verbs. We saw verbs that are used to talk about workouts, and verbs to talk about your fitness goals. We also learned how to use hacer and tocar in a fitness context.

Finally, we introduced some useful phrases you may need while at the gym.

We hope you enjoyed this post to help you with your workouts in Spanish. Go ahead and share it with your training partners so you can practice your Spanish language skills together while at the gym!


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