Poner conjugation: Every conjugation of Poner in one guide

Poner conjugation

Get our free email course, Shortcut to Conversational.

Have conversations faster, understand people when they speak fast, and other tested tips to learn faster.

More info

When learning a new language, understanding verb conjugation is essential. In Spanish, one verb that you’ll encounter frequently is poner, meaning “to put” or “to place.” As a high-frequency verb, developing a solid grasp of poner conjugation is crucial for effective communication in Spanish.

That’s why in today’s post, we will delve into the depths of poner conjugation, equipping you with a comprehensive guide to master its conjugation patterns across different moods and tenses.

We’ll begin with the uses and meanings of poner, and then go straight into the conjugation of poner in every tense and mood. Keep an eye out for links provided to get more details and information on specific moods and tenses.

Now let’s get started to learn everything about poner conjugation!

Poner meanings

In Spanish, the verb poner has several meanings and uses that can vary widely depending on the context. Here we will cover its four main uses, but we recommend that you check out our dedicated post on the full meanings of poner in English for additional information about how to use this verb in context.

Poner meaning: to put, to place

The most common translation of poner is to put or to place, used to indicate the arrangement or positioning of objects or people.

  • No encuentro mis anteojos, estaba segura de que los había puesto en la mesa. – I can’t find my glasses, I was sure I had put them on the table.
  • Siempre pongo al bebé en la silla alta para darle de comer. – I always put the baby in the highchair to feed him.

Poner meaning: to set, to set up

Poner in English can also be translated as to set, or sometimes to set up. This use is for setting something into a particular state or condition.

  • Pondré la mesa para la cena de aniversario de esta noche. – I’ll set the table for tonight’s anniversary dinner.
  • No te escucho, pon el televisor en silencio. – I can’t hear you, set the TV on mute.

Poner meaning: to turn on

Poner can also mean to turn on or to activate something. It is commonly used with electronic devices.

  • Pon el aire acondicionado, tengo calor. – Turn on the air conditioning, I’m hot.
  • ¿Estamos en una fiesta o no? ¡Pongan la música! – Are we having a party or not? Turn on the music!

Ponerse: to wear, to put on [clothes]

In some contexts, poner is used to express wearing or putting on clothes or accessories. In this case we usually use the reflexive form of ponerse, which takes the poner reflexive conjugation.

  • ¿Me pongo el vestido rojo o el azul? – Should I wear the red dress or the blue one?
  • Está lloviendo, no te pongas sandalias, Luisa. – It’s raining, don’t wear sandals, Luisa.

Poner conjugation

With our main poner meanings out of the way, now it’s time to go all in on poner conjugation in every Spanish tense!

We’ll break our lesson down by mood to make things easier, and we’ll provide plenty of examples to show each tense in action. Take a look at our big post with all the verb tenses in Spanish for a full overview of each one.

Poner is an irregular verb, meaning that it doesn’t follow the regular conjugation of -er verbs and that many tenses require stem changes. If you’re starting out with Spanish verbs, first take a look at our post on infinitives in Spanish about this basic form, and then you might want to review our post on Spanish stem-changing verbs to learn more about irregular verbs like poner.

Indicative mood

The indicative mood is used to express factual information or make statements. Let’s explore the conjugation of poner in the indicative mood across its different tenses: present, preterite, imperfect, conditional, future, and all the perfect forms.

Poner present conjugation

Poner is a GO verb, which means that the first-person singular yo conjugation ends in -go. The rest of the subjects follow the regular conjugation of -er verbs.

Subject Poner conjugation present tense
Yo pongo
Él, Ella, Usted pone
Nosotros, Nosotras ponemos
Vosotros, Vosotras ponéis
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes ponen
  • Mis tías ponen flores recién cortadas en el florero cada lunes. – My aunts put fresh-cut flowers in the vase every Monday.
  • ¿Me pongo este collar o aquel? – Do I wear this necklace or that one?
  • Si no le pones empeño, nunca terminarás la universidad. – If you don’t put in the effort, you’ll never finish college.

Head over to our post on the simple present tense to learn more about this essential tense.

Poner conjugation preterite

The stem of poner for the preterite is pus-, followed by the regular endings, except for the first person, which ends in -e.

Subject Poner conjugation preterite
Yo puse
Él, Ella, Usted puso
Nosotros, Nosotras pusimos
Vosotros, Vosotras pusisteis
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes pusieron
  • Anoche los vecinos pusieron música a todo volúmen. – Last night the neighbors put on music on full blast.
  • Nos pusimos lindas para ir a la fiesta. – We got all dressed up to go to the party.
  • Cuando le dije que lo había visto bailar, se puso rojo como un tomate. – When I told him I’d seen him dance, he turned red as a tomato.

For a detailed breakdown of this tense, refer to our post on how to master the Spanish preterite in minutes.

Poner imperfect conjugation

The imperfect poner conjugation follows the regular conjugation pattern of -er verbs, with the stem being pon-.

Subject Poner imperfect tense
Yo ponía
Él, Ella, Usted ponía
Nosotros, Nosotras poníamos
Vosotros, Vosotras poníais
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes ponían
  • Mi hermana ponía la mesa y yo servía los jugos. – My sister set the table and I served the juices.
  • ¿Qué uniforme te ponías para ir a la escuela cuando eras niña, mamá? – What uniform did you wear to school when you were a kid, Mom?
  • Cada uno ponía 20 centavos y con eso nos alcanzaba para comer pizzas después de clase todos los viernes. – We each put in 20 cents and that was enough for us to eat pizzas after school every Friday.

As you may know, Spanish has two past tenses, which can sometimes be challenging for learners to grasp. To avoid confusion, we recommend you check our beginner’s guide to the Spanish imperfect tense first and then head over to our anti-confusion guide to preterite vs imperfect tenses.

Poner conditional conjugation

The conditional poner conjugation has a significant stem change: pondr-. The endings follow the regular conditional conjugation pattern.

Poner in the conditional tense is often translated into English as would put.

Subject Poner conditional conjugation
Yo pondría
Él, Ella, Usted pondría
Nosotros, Nosotras pondríamos
Vosotros, Vosotras pondríais
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes pondrían
  • Creo que mi hermana se pondría muy mal si supiera que perdí su libro favorito. – I think my sister would get very upset if she knew I lost her favorite book.
  • ¿Pondrías esas servilletas en la mesa? – Would you put those napkins on the table?
  • Mis perros se pondrían celosos si me vieran jugando con tu cachorro. – My dogs would get jealous if they saw me playing with your puppy.

Enhance your understanding of this tense by checking out our beginner’s guide to the Spanish conditional.

Poner future tense

Poner future conjugation is also irregular, and has the same stem as the conditional, pondr-. Likewise, it still takes the regular future tense endings.

Just like any other verb, the future tense poner conjugation is translated into English by adding the auxiliary will to the English infinitive.

Subject Poner future conjugation
Yo pondré
Él, Ella, Usted pondrá
Nosotros, Nosotras pondremos
Vosotros, Vosotras pondréis
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes pondrán
  • Me pregunto qué se pondrá mi hermana para el baile de graduación. – I wonder what my sister will wear to the prom.
  • Me pondré muy contento si me gano el bono de puntualidad este mes. – I’ll get really happy if I earn the punctuality bonus this month.
  • ¿Dónde pondrás la cama, en el medio o pegada a la pared? – Where will you put the bed, in the middle or against the wall?

Check out our post on future tense Spanish for a full lesson on different ways to express the future in Spanish.

Compound tenses

Now that we’re done with the simple tenses, we present you with the poner conjugation chart for the compound tenses. These are formed by conjugating the auxiliary verb haber and adding the past participle of poner, which is puesto.

For more information about the elements used to form the perfect tenses, take a look at our posts on the Spanish past participle and on the auxiliary verb haber.

For progressive tenses, we use the gerund, which is poniendo.

Let’s begin with the present perfect and past perfect conjugations of poner.

Subject Present perfect Past perfect
Yo he puesto había puesto
has puesto habías puesto
Él, Ella, Usted ha puesto había puesto
Nosotros, Nosotras hemos puesto habíamos puesto
Vosotros, Vosotras habéis puesto habíais puesto
Ustedes, Ellos, Ellas han puesto habían puesto
  • Nosotros hemos puesto mucho dinero para que el proyecto salga bien. – We have invested a lot of money for the project to go well.
  • Ellos me dijeron que le habían puesto el seguro a la puerta, pero no fue cierto. – They told me that they had put the lock on the door, but it wasn’t true.

Now, let’s move to the conjugation of poner in the perfect future and perfect conditional.

Subject Perfect future Perfect conditional
Yo habré puesto habría puesto
habrás puesto habrías puesto
Él, Ella, Usted habrá puesto habría puesto
Nosotros, Nosotras habremos puesto habríamos puesto
Vosotros, Vosotras habréis puesto habríais puesto
Ustedes, Ellos, Ellas habrán puesto habrían puesto
  • Para ese entonces ya habré puesto el resto del dinero que debo. – By that time I will have paid the rest of the money I owe.
  • Si no me importaras, no te habría puesto atención. – If I didn’t care about you, I wouldn’t have paid attention to you.

For in-depth lessons on each of these tenses, refer to our posts on present perfect Spanish, past perfect Spanish, future perfect Spanish, and the Spanish conditional.

Subjunctive mood

The subjunctive mood is used in Spanish to express doubt, wishes, or uncertainty.

Since the subjunctive mood is used differently in English, you’ll notice in the examples that the translations aren’t always the same. Pay attention to the context rather than trying to look for exact translations. For full explanations of this tricky mood, we also recommend that you take a look at our post on the Spanish subjunctive, simplified.

Now, let’s take a look at our poner subjunctive conjugation in each of these tenses.

Poner present subjunctive

The present subjunctive poner conjugation is formed with the stem of the present indicative conjugation for the first person: pong-, and the regular endings.

Subject Poner conjugation present subjunctive
Yo ponga
Él, Ella, Usted ponga
Nosotros, Nosotras pongamos
Vosotros, Vosotras pongáis
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes pongan
  • Quiero que pongamos luces de Navidad en la ventana. – I want us to put Christmas lights in the window.
  • Puede que pongan otro refrigerador en ese espacio. – They might put another refrigerator in that space.
  • No creo que ponga mala cara cuando vea el pastel de cumpleaños que le hice. – I don’t think he’ll put on an angry face when he sees the birthday cake I made him.

Take a deep dive into this tense with our comprehensive post on the present subjunctive tense in Spanish.

Poner imperfect subjunctive

The conjugation of poner in the imperfect subjunctive takes an irregular stem change and turns into pusi-. We include both ways to conjugate poner in this tense.

Subject Poner conjugation present subjunctive
Yo pusiera / pusiese
pusieras / pusieses
Él, Ella, Usted pusiera / pusiese
Nosotros, Nosotras pusiéramos / pusiésemos
Vosotros, Vosotras pusierais / pusieseis
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes pusieran / pusieran
  • Ella me dijo que pusiera música si quería. – She told me that I could put on music if I wanted to.
  • Creo que papá no esperaba que nos pusiésemos los vestidos que nos regaló. – I think Dad didn’t expect that we would wear the dresses he gave us.
  • Ojalá tus hermanos no te pusieran en esta situación tan difícil. – I wish your brothers wouldn’t put you in this difficult situation.

For an in-depth exploration, don’t miss our post on the Spanish imperfect subjunctive tense.

Poner future subjunctive

The future subjunctive is used rarely in common Spanish and is almost exclusive to literary contexts these days, but we still include it here so that our poner conjugation guide is complete.

Subject Poner future subjunctive
Yo pusiere
Él, Ella, Usted pusiere
Nosotros, Nosotras pusiéremos
Vosotros, Vosotras pusiereis
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes pusieren
  • Quienes pusieren mi palabra en entredicho recibirán el rechazo de mi casa. – Those who question my word will be rejected by my house.
  • No recibiremos recompensa alguna si no pusiéremos todo nuestro corazón a cumplir con la causa. – We will receive no reward if we do not put our whole heart into the cause.

Compound poner subjunctive conjugation

Perfect forms in the subjunctive are conjugated with the auxiliary verb haber plus the poner past participle: puesto.

The compound subjunctive tenses consist of the perfect subjunctive and the pluperfect subjunctive. The latter requires the auxiliary verb haber to be conjugated in the imperfect subjunctive, and has two correct forms.

Subject Perfect subjunctive Pluperfect subjunctive
Yo haya puesto hubiera puesto / hubiese puesto
hayas puesto hubieras puesto / hubieses puesto
Él, Ella, Usted haya puesto hubiera puesto / hubiese puesto
Nosotros, Nosotras hayamos puesto hubiéramos puesto / hubiésemos puesto
Vosotros, Vosotras hayáis puesto hubierais puesto / hubieseis puesto
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes hayan puesto hubieran puesto / hubiesen puesto
  • Si hubiesen puesto sus nombres en la lista cuando les dije, ambos podrían ir al taller. – If they had put their names on the list when I told them, they could both go to the workshop.
  • Aunque no hayan puesto nada para la fiesta, igual los invitaré porque son mis hermanos. – Even if they didn’t give anything for the party, I will still invite them because they are my brothers.

Imperative mood

The imperative mood in Spanish is used to give commands, instructions, or express requests.

Poner conjugation in the imperative mood looks very similar to its conjugation in the present subjunctive. To understand which mood is being used, pay attention to the situation or context. Note that poner imperative conjugation is different in the negative, so we include both forms here.

Subject Poner imperative
[Tú] pon / no pongas
[Usted] ponga / no ponga
[Nosotros, Nosotras] pongamos / no pongamos
[Vosotros, Vosotras] poned / no pongáis
[Ustedes] pongan / no pongan
  • Pon las cosas donde te dije, por favor. – Put the things where I told you, please.
  • Hoy es mi cumpleaños, pongan mi canción favorita. – Today is my birthday, play my favorite song.
  • ¡No pongas los pies sobre la mesa, hijo! – Don’t put your feet on the table, son!

To learn more about this mood, we explain it all in our post on Spanish commands.


Good job! We’ve seen every poner conjugation with plenty of examples to demonstrate each one. How about a quick review to wrap things up?

We began by exploring the main uses of poner, from indicating placement and setting to turning on or wearing something.

Then we dove right into the conjugation of poner, learning that it’s an irregular verb that changes stem in many tenses. In addition, we saw that poner is a GO verb, which means that it takes a -go ending for the first-person singular in the present indicative. Through the rest of the post, we covered each and every poner conjugation in the indicative, subjunctive, and imperative mood.

With this comprehensive poner conjugation guide at your disposal, you now have a reliable reference to consult whenever you need to conjugate poner in any tense or mood!

Poner conjugation exercises

Ready to put your conjugation skills to the test? Why not try out this set of exercises to see how well you master your poner conjugation?

Give it your best shot, and let’s see how well you can handle these conjugations according to the mood and tense in parentheses. The answers and translations are provided below.

1.  ¿Por qué no _____ el cuadro que les regalé en la pared? (indicative: present perfect)

2. No _____ la ropa blanca y de color en el mismo cesto, chicos. (imperative)

3. ¿Te _____ la camisa roja o la azul? (indicative: future)

4. ¿Dónde quieres que _____ estas cajas? (subjunctive: present)

5. Ya te dijimos que no _____ tus libros en el suelo. (indicative: preterite)

6. Recuerdo que usted siempre _____ su bastón junto a los paraguas. (indicative: imperfect)

7. Si mi esposo no _____ nada en la mesa, estoy segura de que no se habría quebrado. (subjunctive: pluperfect)

8. No te preocupes, yo _____ la mesa. (indicative: future)

9. Quizá si _____ de su parte, no tendrían tantos problemas en la escuela. (subjunctive: imperfect)

10. Si esa falda fuera de mi talla, me la _____ para ir al evento. (indicative: conditional)


1.  ¿Por qué no han puesto el cuadro que les regalé en la pared? – Why haven’t you put the picture I gave you on the wall?

2. No pongan la ropa blanca y de color en el mismo cesto, chicos. – Don’t put the white and dark clothes in the same basket, boys.

3. ¿Te pondrás la camisa roja o la azul? – Will you wear the red shirt or the blue shirt?

4. ¿Dónde quieres que ponga estas cajas? – Where do you want me to put these boxes?

5. Ya te dijimos que no pusimos tus libros en el suelo. – We already told you we didn’t put your books on the floor.

6. Recuerdo que usted siempre ponía su bastón junto a los paraguas. – I remember you always put your cane next to the umbrellas.

7. Si mi esposo no hubiera puesto nada en la mesa, estoy segura de que no se habría quebrado. – If my husband hadn’t put anything on the table, I’m sure it wouldn’t have broken.

8. No te preocupes, yo pondré la mesa. – Don’t worry, I’ll set the table.

9. Quizá si pusieran de su parte, no tendrían tantos problemas en la escuela. – Maybe if they did their part, they wouldn’t have so many problems at school.

10. Si esa falda fuera de mi talla, me la pondría para ir al evento. – If that skirt were my size, I would wear it to the event.


Get our FREE 7-day email course, Shortcut to Conversational

The exact strategies you need to become conversational in Spanish this year. Join the course now, before we come to our senses and charge for it!

This blog is presented by BaseLang: Unlimited Spanish Tutoring for $179 a Month. Learn more here.